A phobia or fear of bees has two names, Melissophobia and Apiphobia.
What is melissophobia, also known as apiphobia?
Apiphobia, fear of bees, or Melissophobia is defined by a severe adverse reaction to bees.
Like all fears, a fear of bees can cause a person to become agitated, or even hysterical. It can cause an increase in blood pressure and heart rate or a heightened anxiety level that can cause them to panic.
Mild cases of apiphobia may cause a person to simply avoid bees when they see them. However, people with severe bee phobia have been known to restrict their life activities during bee season, going so far as to never leave the house.
What causes Apiphobia or Fear of Bees?
Fears like apiphobia don’t always have a logical or memorable cause. Some people develop fears through a traumatic experience when they were still children. Such negative experiences would be embedded in their minds that can turn into fear.
However, any person can be scared of anything for no apparent reason. Such fear is part of being human and varies from person to person.
In some cases, it is possible for a person to trace the cause of their apiphobia back to an experience with a sting. Others might be able to trace back their fear back to an accidental run-in with a bee’s nest or swarm. For others, exposure to a scenario of how bees attack can cause this adverse reaction.
What causes people to develop a fear of bees?
Is fear of bees genetic?
There are some studies that suggest that genetics can play a role in regards to the fear of bees. However, research is somewhat sparse and none specific. Of the studies that do exists, some have shown that your first-degree relatives (parents, siblings, and children) may be inclined to develop similar phobias.
There is more evidence that suggests that phobic conditions like fear of bees can also come from childhood experience or learned behavior (our environment).
So, if someone you are close to, a friend or schoolmate, has apiphobia, you may start to fear bees too.
Should you be scared of bees?
There is no right or wrong when it comes to phobias – we are afraid of what we are afraid of.
Being scared of bees is logical. This six-legged creature can sting, which causes pain. We instinctively avoid anything that will bring us pain.
Bee Sting Allergies
Bee stings can cause allergic reactions and swelling. The catch is that it is nearly impossible to know if you have a sting allergy – until you have been stung.
If a close relative has a known bee allergy, it might be best to avoid bees. Just to be on the safe side.
Aggressive and Placid Bee Types
Honey bees are placid creatures that will not give chase or show aggression. There are, of course, exceptions. The Africanized honey bees, or killer bees, are certainly aggressive.
This type of bees will actually signal for backup when they feel threatened. This backup from their colony is usually in the form of a swarm in the thousands.
Unfortunately, the Africanized honey bees are sensitive souls and do feel threatened easily. So, if a bee is acting at all aggressive, move away quickly and, if possible, avoid exposure by finding an enclosed shelter.
Can bees really smell fear?
To date, there is no real evidence that bees can smell or even sense fear. This is, most likely, confusion about how bees use chemicals (pheromones) to communicate amongst themselves.
When a person gets stung by a bee, more often than not, more bees will appear too. This is because a pheromone signal is released that basically tells their colony they are under attack. In response, more bees will speed to the scene, following the pheromone signal and attack too.
Why do bees sting?
A bee sting is always defensive. Remember, a bee, unlike a wasp, has only one sting and will die immediately after using it. That single sting is not something they will part with haphazardly.
A bee stings a human when they think that human is a threat. As a result, any bee species that is stepped on or handled roughly will retaliate in defense. Bees also translate swotting and flailing arms as a threat. It is enough reason for them to attack.
The threat does not only have to be to the bee. In many cases, the bee will defend its colony or nest if it believes them to be at risk. This is why bees sting when a nest is disturbed – like that scene with Macaulay Culkin in the movie My Girl.
How do you treat Apiphobia?
The treatment of apiphobia can be done successfully using a few different methods. What is key to the success of any technique is your commitment and determination.
Treating apiphobia can be a self-healing process, or can be done with the assistance of a professional. There is no right or wrong way, so choose what suits you best. For severe cases, working with a medical professional to get you started may take the pressure off slightly.
Methods used for curing phobias include finding the source of your fear, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), behavior modeling, and flooding.
You might find a combination of these methods most useful. Allow yourself time for successful treatment.
How to overcome Fear of Bees?
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
CBT is a form of therapy that can be self-taught, done with a therapist, or even learned online using one of the many available courses.
CBT helps you become more in tune with your thoughts and reactions to situations.
With this method, you will first learn to identify your negative thoughts and feelings. You will then learn to recognize patterns in your behavior and analyze them within that moment. Lastly, you will learn how to control your thoughts and reactions to prevent the negative thoughts from popping into your mind uncontrollably.
Check out this The CBT Anxiety Solution Workbook to help in your CBT process.
Behavior modeling to overcome apiphobia requires you to find a person who behaves without fear around bees. A beekeeper would be the ideal candidate, but a fearless friend will be able to help too.
With this method, you are required to observe how the other person behaves around bees. Start off in large open spaces where you will see an occasional bee. Transition and work towards smaller spaces and eventually to areas where hives are kept. If you like, you might ask them what they are thinking or how they are feeling.
During your behavior modeling sessions, try to mimic the behavior of the other person. If you feel the anxiety of your phobia coming on, recognize that feeling and try to relax. Build up the length of your sessions each time.
This approach is usually done with the help of a professional but can be done alone. You can do this using the visualization technique or with real bees. Alternatively, start with visualization and move onto the real thing as you proceed.
You may opt to go through Visualization Flooding. To do this, find somewhere comfortable to sit where you feel safe and will not be disturbed. Close your eyes and imagine you are in a place where there are bees present.
Be mindful of when you start to feel the anxiety of your phobia. Don’t fight it, but let it come and go.
Extend your visualization practice sessions every couple of days. The more you become comfortable with the anxiety and understand that it will naturally subside, the less scared you will feel.
Phobias can be unpredictable and irrational, so, give yourself time.
For quicker methods of overcoming phobias, you might consider hypnotherapy. And, of course, it is always best to seek advice, diagnosis, or treatment from medical professionals.
Here are some interesting books on how to how to deal with a fear of bees!
- Martin M. Antony (Author)
- English (Publication Language)
- 144 Pages - 06/01/2005 (Publication Date) - New Harbinger Publications (Publisher)